List of Roman Gods

A

Abundantia, divine personification of abundance and prosperity.

Acca Larentia, a diva of complex meaning and origin in whose honor the Larentalia was held.

Acis, god of the Acis River in Sicily.

Aerecura, goddess possibly of Celtic origin, associated with the underworld and identified with Proserpina.

Aequitas, divine personification of fairness.

Aesculapius, the Roman equivalent of Asclepius, god of health and medicine.

Aeternitas, goddess and personification of eternity.

Aion (Latin spelling Aeon), Hellenistic god of cyclical or unbounded time, related to the concepts of aevum or saeculum.

Aius Locutius, divine voice that warned the Romans of the imminent Gallic invasion.

Alernus, an archaic god whose sacred grove (lucus) was near the Tiber river. He is named definitively only by Ovid. The grove was the birthplace of the nymph Cranea, and despite the obscurity of the god, the state priests still carried out sacred rites there in the time of Augustus. Alernus may have been a chthonic god, since a black ox was the correct sacrificial offering to him, since dark victims were offered to underworld gods.

Angerona, goddess who relieved people from pain and sorrow.

Angitia, goddess associated with snakes and Medea.

Anna Perenna, early goddess of the "circle of the year", her festival was celebrated March 15.

Annona, the divine personification of the grain supply to the city of Rome.

Antevorta, goddess of the future and one of the Camenae; also called Porrima.

Apollo, god of poetry, music, and oracles.

Arimanius, an obscure Mithraic god.

Aura, often plural Aurae, "the Breezes".

Aurora, goddess of the dawn.

Averruncus, a god propitiated to avert calamity.

B

Bacchus, god of wine, sensual pleasures, and truth, originally a cult title for the Greek Dionysus and identified with the Italian Liber.

Bellona, a war goddess.

Bona Dea, the "women's goddess" with functions pertaining to fertility, healing, and chastity.

Bonus Eventus, divine personification of "Good Outcome".

Bubona, goddess of cattle.

C

Caca, an archaic fire goddess and "proto-Vesta"; the sister of Cacus.

Cacus, originally an ancient god of fire, later regarded as a giant.

Caelus, sky god equivalent to Greek Ouranos. One of the supposed fathers of Venus.

Camenae, goddesses with various attributes including fresh water, prophecy, and childbirth. There were four of them: Carmenta, Egeria, Antevorta, and Postvorta.

Cardea, goddess of the hinge (cardo), identified by Ovid with Carna (below).

Carmenta, goddess of childbirth and prophecy, and assigned a flamen minor. The leader of the Camenae.

Carmentes, two goddesses of childbirth: Antevorta and Postvorta, future and past.

Carna, goddess who preserved the health of the heart and other internal organs.

Ceres, goddess of the harvest and mother of Proserpina.

Clementia, goddess of forgiveness and mercy.

Cloacina, goddess who presided over the system of sewers in Rome; identified with Venus.

Concordia, goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony.

Consus, chthonic god protecting grain storage.

Cupid, Roman god of love. The son of Venus, and equivalent to Greek Eros.

Cura, personification of care and concern who, according to a single source, created humans from clay.

Cybele, an imported tutelary goddess often identified with Magna Mater.

D

Dea Dia, goddess of growth.

Dea Tacita ("The Silent Goddess"), a goddess of the dead; later equated with the earth goddess Larenta.

Decima, minor goddess and one of the Parcae (Roman equivalent of the Moirai). The measurer of the thread of life, her Greek equivalent was Lachesis.

Devera or Deverra, goddess who ruled over the brooms used to purify temples in preparation for various worship services, sacrifices and celebrations; she protected midwives and women in labor.

Diana, goddess of the hunt, the moon, virginity, and childbirth, twin sister of Apollo.

Dius Fidius, god of oaths, associated with Jupiter.

Disciplina, personification of discipline.

Dis Pater or Dispater, god of wealth and the underworld; perhaps a translation of Greek Plouton (Pluto).

E

Egeria, water nymph or goddess, later considered one the Camenae.

Empanda or Panda, a goddess whose temple never closed to those in need.

Epona, Gallo-Roman goddess of horses and horsemanship, usually assumed to be of Celtic origin as Rhiannon.

F

Falacer, obscure god.

Fama, goddess of fame and rumor.

Fascinus, phallic god who protected from invidia (envy) and the evil eye.

Fauna, goddess of prophecy, but perhaps a title of other goddesses such as Maia.

Faunus, god of flocks.

Faustitas, goddess who protected herd and livestock.

Februus, god of Etruscan origin for whom the month of February was named; concerned with purification.

Febris, "Fever," goddess with the power to cause or prevent fevers and malaria.

Fecunditas, personification of fertility.

Felicitas, personification of good luck and success.

Ferentina, patron goddess of the city Ferentinum, Latium, protector of the Latin commonwealth.

Feronia, goddess concerned with plebeians, freedmen, and liberality in a general sense.

Fides, personification of loyalty.

Flora, goddess of flowers.

Fornax, goddess probably conceived of to explain the Fornacalia, "Oven Festival."

Fontus or Fons, god of wells and springs.

Fortuna, goddess of fortune.

Fulgora, personification of lightning.

Furrina, goddess whose functions are mostly unknown, but important in archaic times.

G

Genius, the tutelary spirit or divinity of each individual.

Gratiae, Roman term for the Charites or Graces.

H

Hercules, god of strength, whose worship was derived from the Greek hero Heracles but took on a distinctly Roman character.

Hermaphroditus, an androgynous Greek god whose mythology was imported into Latin literature.

Hersilia, the wife of Quirinus.

Hilaritas, goddess of rejoicing and good humor.

Honos, a divine personification of honor.

I

Indiges, the deified Aeneas.

Intercidona, minor goddess of childbirth; invoked to keep evil spirits away from the child; symbolised by a cleaver.

Inuus, god of fertility and sexual intercourse, protector of livestock.

Invidia, goddess of envy or jealousy.

Iris, goddess of the rainbow.

J

Janus, double-faced or two-headed god of beginnings and endings and of doors.

Juno, Queen of the Gods and goddess of matrimony.

Jupiter, King of the Gods and the storm, air, and sky god, one of the two supposed fathers of Venus.

Justitia, goddess of justice.

Juturna, goddess of fountains, wells, and springs.

Juventas, goddess of youth.

L

Lares, household gods.

Laverna, patroness of thieves, con men and charlatans.

Levana, goddess of the rite through which fathers accepted newborn babies as their own.

Letum, personification of death.

Liber, a god of male fertility, viniculture and freedom, assimilated to Roman Bacchus and Greek Dionysus.

Libera, Liber's female equivalent, assimilated to Roman Proserpina and Greek Persephone.

Liberalitas, goddess or personification of generosity.

Libertas, goddess or personification of freedom.

Libitina, goddess of death, corpses and funerals.

Lua, goddess to whom soldiers sacrificed captured weapons, probably a consort of Saturn.

Lucina, goddess of childbirth, but often as an aspect of Juno.

Luna, goddess of the moon.

Lupercus, god of shepherds; as the god of the Lupercalia, his identity is obscure, but he is sometimes identified with the Greek god Pan.

Lympha, often plural lymphae, a water deity assimilated to the Greek nymphs.

M

Mana Genita, goddess of infant mortality.

Manes, the souls of the dead who came to be seen as household deities.

Mania, the consort of the Etruscan underworld god Mantus, and perhaps to be identified with the tenebrous Mater Larum; not to be confused with the Greek Maniae.

Mantus, an Etruscan god of the dead and ruler of the underworld.

Mars, god of war and father of Romulus, the founder of Rome; lover of Venus.

Mater Matuta, goddess of dawn and childbirth, patroness of mariners.

Meditrina, goddess of healing, introduced to account for the festival of Meditrinalia.

Mephitis, goddess and personification of poisonous gases and volcanic vapours. She lends her name to the genus of skunks!

Mellona or Mellonia, goddess of bees and beekeeping.

Mercury, messenger of the gods and bearer of souls to the underworld.

Minerva, goddess of wisdom, war, the arts, industries and trades.

Mithras, god worshipped in the Roman empire; popular with soldiers.

Molae, daughters of Mars, probably goddesses of grinding of the grain.

Moneta, minor goddess of memory, equivalent to the Greek Mnemosyne. Also used as an epithet of Juno.

Mors, personification of death and equivalent of the Greek Thanatos.

Morta, minor goddess of death and one of the Parcae (Roman equivalent of the Moirai). The cutter of the thread of life, her Greek equivalent was Atropos.

Murcia or Murtia, a little-known goddess who was associated with the myrtle, and in other sources was called a goddess of sloth and laziness (both interpretations arising from false etymologies of her name). Later equated with Venus in the form of Venus Murcia.

Mutunus Tutunus, a phallic god.

N

Naenia, goddess of funerary lament.

Nascio, personification of the act of birth.

Necessitas, goddess of destiny, the Roman equivalent of Ananke.

Nemesis, goddess of revenge (Greek).

Neptune, god of the sea, earthquakes, and horses. Greek Equivalent is Poseidon.

Nerio, ancient war goddess and the personification of valor. The consort of Mars.

Neverita, wife of Neptune; their quarrels caused sea storms.p>

Nixae, goddesses of childbirth.

Nona, minor goddess, one of the Parcae (Roman equivalent of the Moirai). The spinner of the thread of life, her Greek equivalent was Clotho.

Nox, goddess of night, derived from the Greek Nyx.

O

Ops or Opis, goddess of resources or plenty.

Orcus, a god of the underworld and punisher of broken oaths.

P

Palatua, obscure goddess who guarded the Palatine Hill.

Pales, deity of shepherds, flocks and livestock.

Parcae, the three fates.

Pax, goddess of peace; equivalent of Greek Eirene.

Penates or Di Penates, household gods.

Picumnus, minor god of fertility, agriculture, matrimony, infants and children.

Picus, Italic woodpecker god with oracular powers.

Pietas, goddess of duty; personification of the Roman virtue pietas.

Pilumnus, minor guardian god, concerned with the protection of infants at birth.

Pluto, Greek Plouton, a name for the ruler of the dead popularized through the mystery religions and Greek philosophy, sometimes used in Latin literature and identified with Dis Pater or Orcus.

Poena, goddess of punishment.

Pomona, goddess of fruit trees, gardens and orchards.

Porrima, goddess of the future. Also called Postvorta. One of the Carmentes and the Camenae.

Portunes, god of keys, doors, and livestock.

Postverta, goddess of childbirth and the past, one of the two Carmentes (other being Antevorta).

Priapus, imported phallic guardian of guardians.

Proserpina, Queen of the Dead and a grain-goddess, the Roman equivalent of the Greek Persephone.

Providentia, goddess of forethought.

Pudicitia, goddess and personification of chastity, one of the Roman virtues.

Q

Quirinus, Sabine god identified with Mars; Romulus, the founder of Rome, was deified as Quirinus after his death. Quirinus was a war god and a god of the Roman people and state.

Quiritis, goddess of motherhood. Originally Sabine or pre-Roman, she was later equated with Juno.

R

Robigo or Robigus, a god or goddess who personified grain disease and protected crops.

Roma, personification of the Roman state.

Rumina, goddess who protected breastfeeding mothers.

S

Salacia, goddess of seawater, wife of Neptune.

Salus, goddess of the public welfare of the Roman people; came to be equated with the Greek Hygieia.

Sancus, god of loyalty, honesty, and oaths.

Saturn, a titan, god of harvest and agriculture, the father of Jupiter, Neptune, Juno, and Pluto.

Securitas, goddess of security, especially the security of the Roman empire.

Silvanus, god of woodlands and forests.

Sol Invictus, sun god.

Somnus, god of sleep; equates with the Greek Hypnos.

Soranus, a god later subsumed by Apollo in the form Apollo Soranus.

Sors, god of luck.

Spes, goddess of hope.

Stata Mater, goddess who protected against fires. Sometimes equated with Vesta.

Sterquilinus ("Manure"), god of fertilizer. Also known as Stercutus, Sterculius, Straculius, Struculius.

Suadela, goddess of persuasion, her Greek equivalent was Peitha.

Summanus, god of nocturnal thunder.

Sulis Minerva, a combination of the Celtic goddess Sul and Minerva

T

Tellumo, male counterpart of Tellus.

Tellus, goddess of the earth. Possibly derived from the Greek Gaia.

Tempestas, a goddess of storms or sudden weather, usually plural as the Tempestates

Terra Mater or Tellus, goddess of the earth and land.

Terminus, the rustic god of boundaries.

Tiberinus, river god; deity of the Tiber river.

Tibertus, god of the river Anio, a tributary of the Tiber.

Tranquillitas, goddess of peace and tranquility.

Trivia, goddess of crossroads and magic, equated with Hecate.

U

Ubertas, minor agricultural goddess, who personified fruitfulness of soil and plants, and abundance in general.

Unxia, minor goddess of marriage, concerned with anointing the bridegroom's door. The name occurs as a surname of Juno.

Uranus, god of the sky before Jupiter (Greek).

V

Vacuna, ancient Sabine goddess of rest after harvest who protected the farmers' sheep; later identified with Nike and worshipped as a war goddess.

Vediovus or Veiovis, obscure god, a sort of anti-Jupiter, as the meaning of his name suggests. May be a god of the underworld.

Venilia or Venelia, sea goddess, wife of Neptune or Faunus.

Venti, the winds, equivalent to the Greek Anemoi: North wind Aquilo(n) or Septentrio (Greek Boreas); South wind Auster (Greek Notus); East wind Vulturnus (Eurus); West wind Favonius (Zephyrus);.

Venus, goddess of love, beauty, sexuality, and gardens; mother of the founding hero Aeneas.

Veritas, goddess and personification of the Roman virtue of "veritas" or truth.

Verminus, god of cattle worms.

Vertumnus, Vortumnus or Vertimnus, god of the seasons, and of gardens and fruit trees.

Vesta, goddess of the hearth, the Roman state, and the sacred fire.

Vica Pota, goddess of victory and competitions.

Victoria, goddess of victory.

Virbius, a forest god, the reborn Hippolytus.

Virtus, god or goddess of military strength, personification of the Roman virtue of "virtus".

Volturnus, god of water. Not to be confused with Vulturnus.

Voluptas, goddess of pleasure.

Vulcan, god of the forge, fire, and blacksmiths, husband of Venus.