Abgal- Seven wise-men and the attending deities of the god Enki.
Adrammelech- Babylonian god (possibly of the sun) to whom babies were burned in sacrifice.
Aja- Babylonian sun goddess.
Akkan- Four goddesses who oversee conception, birth and destiny.
Alauwaimis- Demon which drives away evil sickness.
Ama-arhus- Babylonian and Akkadian fertility goddess.
Amurru- Akkadian god of mountains and nomads.
An- Sumerian god of heaven.
Anatu- Goddess of the earth and sky.
Antu- Sumerian goddess of creation. Later replaced by Ishtar.
Anu- Sumerian and Babylonian god of the sky, father of the gods and most powerful deity of the pantheon.
Anunitu- Babylonian goddess of the moon. She was later merged with Ishtar.
Apsu- Sumerian and Akkadian god of the primordial sweet waters - as opposed to the primordial bitter waters of Chaos.
Arazu- Babylonian god of completed construction.
Aruru- Babylonian goddess of creation.
Ashnan- Sumerian goddess of grain.
Aya- Goddess of dawn.
Baal- God of the sun and crop fertility, widely venerated throughout the Fertile Crescent and the Middle East.
Baba- Tutelary goddess of the kings of Sumer, and a goddess of motherhood and healing.
Babbar- Sumerian sun god. Equatedwith the Babylonian Shamash.
Belet-Ili- Sumerian goddess of the womb.
Beletseri- Akkadian "clerk" of the Underworld, who kept records of human activities so that she could advise on their final judgment after death. She is called Queen of the Desert.
Dagon- Vegetation and fertility god.
Damgalnunna- Mother goddess.
Dumuzi- Sumerian form of Tammuz, a god of vegetation, fertility and the Underworld. Possibly the husband of Inanna.
Ea- Sumerian and Babylonian god of sweet waters, he is the patron of wisdom, magic and medical science.
Ebeh- Sumerian mountain god.
Ellil- Akkadian form of the god Enlil. God of wind and earth.
Enmesarra- God of the underworld and the lord of mes - the power underlying society and civilization.
Ennugi- God of irrigation and canals.
Ereshkigal- Sumerian and Akkadian goddess of the dead. She is dark and violent, and possibly was once a sky goddess.
Erra- God of war, death and other disasters.
Gibil- Sumerian god of light and fire.
Girru- Akkadian god of light and fire. He is the messenger of the gods.
Gula- Sumerian goddess of healing.
Humbaba- God of the cedar forest.
Inanna- The most important of the Sumerian divinities, she is the goddess of love, fertility and war. Her symbol is the eight-pointed star.
Irkalla- See Ereshkigal.
Isara- Goddess of oaths and queen of judgment.
Ishkur- Sumerian god of storms and rain.
Ishtar- Violent Sumerian and Babylonian goddess of love and fertility. She had a habit of attracting lovers and then killing or maiming them.
Kaksisa- God of the star Sirius.
Ki- Goddess of the earth.
Kulitta- Goddess of music.
Kulla- The Babylonian god who restores temples.
Kusag- God who is high priest of the gods, the patron od priests in Babylonia.
Lahar- Sumerian god of cattle and sheep.
Lamastu- Demon who causes fever and childhood diseases.
Mama- Mother goddess.
Mamitu- Akkadian goddess of fate and judgment in the Underworld.
Mammetu- Babylonian goddess of fate and destiny.
Marduk- God of thunderstorms, fertility, and the supreme leader of the gods after defeating Tiamat. Later known as Bel or Baal.
Martu- God of destruction by storms and of the steppes.
Mummu- Sumerian and Babylonian god of craftsmen and technical skill.
Mylitta- Babylonian and Assyrian goddess of fertility and childbirth.
Nabu- Sumerian and Babylonian god of knowledge, writing, and scribe of the gods.
Nammu- Sumerian goddess of the sea.
Namtar- God of the Sumerian underworld and the bringer of disease and pestilence to humans.
Nanaja- Sumerian and Akkadian goddess of sex and war.
Nanna- Sumerian god of the moon. Equivalent to Babylonian god Sin.
Nanshe- Goddess of fertility and water, she was the patron of dreams and prophecy.
Nergal- Evil god of the underworld who brings sickness, fear and war on mankind. He is the consort of the death-goddess Ereshkigal.
Nidaba- Sumerian goddess of learning.
Nin-agal- God of smiths.
Ninatta- Goddess of music.
Ninazu- Babylonian god of magic incantations.
Ninedinna- Babylonian goddess of the books of the dead.
Ningirsu- Sumerian and Babylonian god of rain, fertility and irrigation.
Ningizzida- God of healing and magic. Sometimes pictured as a serpent with a human head.
Ninhursag- See Ki.
Ninkarrak- Goddess of healing.
Ninkasi- Sumerian goddess of intoxicating drinks, and beer in particular.
Ninlil- Goddess of heaven and earth, known as the wind.
Nintur- Akkadian goddess of birth.
Ninurta- God of rain, fertility, thunderstorms, the plow, floods, wells, and the south wind.
Nisaba- Babylonian and Sumerian goddess of grain and learning.
Nusku- Sumerian god of light and fire.
Papsukkel- Minister and messenger of the Sumerian gods.
Rimmon- Babylonian god of storms.
Salbatanu- God of the planet Mars.
Samuqan- God of cattle.
Sataran- Divine judge and healer.
Shamash- Sumerian god of the sun, judge and law-giver of the people. He is the husband of Ishtar.
Shulpae- God of feasting.
Shutu- God of illness and the South Wind.
Sibzianna- Sumerian god of the star Orion.
Siduri- Goddess of wine-making and brewing.
Sin- Sumerian god of the moon, the calendar, and the fixed seasons.
Sulpa'e- God of fertility, wild animals and the planet Jupiter.
Tammuz- Akkadian vegetation god and the symbol of death and rebirth in nature. The "corn king" of Wiccan worship.
Tiamat- Dragon-goddess of the primordial waters of Chaos, seen as a great salt sea. Also the enemy of the gods.
Umunmutamku- Babylonian deity who presents offerings to the gods after they have been made by humans.
Uttu- Sumerian spider-goddess of weaving and clothing.
Zakar- Babylonian god of dreams as messages from the gods.
Back to Homepage