List of Australian Gods

New South Wales

Birrahgnooloo, Kamilaroi goddess of fertility who would send floods if properly asked

Dirawong, Bundjalung totemic creator being

Wurrunna, culture hero

Northern Territory

Adnoartina, the lizard guard of Uluru

Altjira, Arrernte sky god who created the earth

Bahloo, Karraur lunar deity

Bamapana, Murngin trickster spirit who creates discord

Banaitja, creator deity

Barnumbirr, Yolgnu creator spirit

Barraiya, creator of the first vagina

Eingana, creator goddess

Bobbi-Bobbi, benevolent Binbinga snake deity

Djanggawul, three creator-siblings of northeast Arnhem Land mythology

Djunkgao, group of sisters associated with floods and ocean currents

Jar'Edo Wens, Arrernte god of earthly knowledge and physical might, created by Altjira to ensure that people did not get too arrogant or self-conceited

Julunggul, Yolgnu rainbow snake goddess associated with initiation, fertility, rebirth and water

Karora, creator god

Kunapipi, mother goddess and the patron deity of many heroes

Malingee, malignant nocturnal spirit

Mamaragan, lightning deity

Mangar-kunjer-kunja, Arrernte lizard deity who created humans

Minawara and Multultu, legendary ancestors of the Nambutji

Mokoi, evil Murgnin spirit who kidnapped and ate children

Ngintaka, Pitjantjatjara creator being

Nogomain, god who gives spirit children to mortal parents

Numakulla, two sky gods who created all life on earth

Ulanji, snake-ancestor of the Binbinga

Wala, solar goddess

Wollunqua, snake-deity associated with rain and fertility

Wuluwaid, rain god of Arnhem Land

Wuriupranili, solar goddess whose torch is the sun

Yhi, Karraur solar goddess associated with light and creation

Yurlungur, Murgnin snake deity who swallowed and regurgitated the Wawalag sisters; associated with initiation and rebirth


Anjea, fertility goddess or spirit, in whom people's souls reside between their incarnations

Dhakhan, ancestral god of the Kabi

I'wai, culture hero of the Kuuku-Ya'u

Yalungur, great bird deity

South Australia

Akurra, great snake deity of the Adnyamathanha people

Muldjewangk, water spirit or spirits inhabiting the Murray River

Ngintaka, Pitjantjatjara creator being

Tjilbruke, Kaurna creation ancestor


Crow (Waa), Kulin trickster, culture hero and ancestral being

Baiame, southeast Australian creational ancestral hero

Balayang, bat deity and brother of Bunjil

Binbeal, Kulin rainbow deity and son of Bunjil

Bunjil, Kulin creator deity and ancestral being, represented as an eagle

Daramulum, southeast Australian deity and son of Baiame

Gnowee, solar goddess who searches daily for her lost son; her torch is the sun

Karatgurk, seven sisters who represent the Pleiades star cluster

Kondole, man who became the first whale

Pundjel, creator deity involved in the initiation of boys

Thinan-malkia, evil spirit who captures victims with nets that entangle their feet

Wambeen, evil lightning-hurling figure who targets travellers

Western Australia

Bagadjimbiri, a pair of Karadjeri creator-spirits

Dilga, Karadjeri goddess of fertility and growth, and mother of the Bagadjimbiri

Julana, lecherous Jumu spirit who surprises women by burrowing beneath the sand, leaping out, and raping them

Kidili, Mandjindja moon deity who was castrated for attempting to rape the first women, who in turn became the Pleiades

Ngariman, Karadjeri cat-man who killed the Bagadjimbiri and was drowned in revenge

Njirana, Jumu deity and father of Julana

Ungud, snake deity associated with rainbows and the fertility and erections of the tribe's shamans

Wagyl, Noongar snakelike creator being

Wondjina, Mowanjum cloud or rain spirits


Rainbow Serpent, a common feature of the art and mythology of Aboriginal Australian cultures. It is depicted swallowing its tail; when the serpent bites its tail, the world will end


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